39.5 sq miles (Only 15.2 sq miles occupied since volcanic activity started in 1995)
4,400. Population density is 289 per square mile (1999 estimates)
The Eastern Caribbean Dollar is legal tender and maintains and exchange rate of EC$2.70 = US$1.00
The island was named Montserrat (Sawtoothed Mountain) at its sighting by Christopher Columbus in 1493, because its rugged appearance reminded him of terrain surrounding the Abbey of Montserrat in the highlands near Barcelona in Spain.
Not yet redefined *
Montserrat is located 1,150 miles north of the Equator. Latitude 160 10' west and twenty miles southwest of Antigua.
Internally self-governing British Dependent with a ministerial system.
The Constitution provides for a Governor appointed by the Queen with responsibility for Internal Security, External Affairs, Defence, the Judiciary and Public Service; an Executive Council which has the general control and direction of Government and a Legislative Council. The Executive Council comprises:
President - The Governor
Members - Chief Minister
Minister of Communications and Works
Minister of Education, Health,
Community Service and Labour
Minister of Agriculture, Trade and the Environment
Attorney General - Ex-Officio
Members of the Legislative Council are:
Three (3) other Ministers
Three (3) other elected Members
Two (2) Ex-Officio Members
Building Construction and Infrastructure development. Prior to the volcanic activity, tourism was an important contributor to economic activity.
The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank Agency Office was opened on March 4, 1991.
Montserrat lost, among other things, its capital Plymouth, Airport, Commercial Centre and most of its infrastructure as a result of volcanic eruptions which started in 1995 at the Lang Soufriere.